Spring Boot Undertow

last modified July 16, 2023

Spring Boot Undertow tutorial shows how to use Undertow server in a Spring Boot application.

Spring is a popular Java application framework and Spring Boot is an evolution of Spring that helps create stand-alone, production-grade Spring based applications easily.


Undertow is a flexible performant web server which provides both blocking and non-blocking API's. It comes from the JBoss project.

Spring Boot Undertow example

By default, Spring Boot uses a Tomcat embedded web server. The following example shows how to use Undertow.

│   ├───java
│   │   └───com
│   │       └───zetcode
│   │           │   Application.java
│   │           ├───config
│   │           │       AppConfig.java
│   │           └───controller
│   │                   MyController.java
│   └───resources
│           application.properties

This is the project structure.

plugins {
    id 'org.springframework.boot' version '3.1.1'
    id 'io.spring.dependency-management' version '1.1.0'
    id 'java'

group = 'com.zetcode'
version = '0.0.1-SNAPSHOT'
sourceCompatibility = '17'

repositories {

dependencies {
    implementation('org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web') {
        exclude group: 'org.springframework.boot', module: 'spring-boot-starter-tomcat'

    implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-undertow'

This is the Gradle build file. We explicitly exclude the Tomcat server dependency and include the Undertow dependency.


In the application.properties file we have various configuration settings of a Spring Boot application. With the spring.main.banner-mode property we turn off the Spring banner.

package com.zetcode.controller;

import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

public class MyController {

    @GetMapping(value="/", produces = MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN_VALUE)
    public String home() {

        return "Home page";

The home page returns a simple text message.

package com.zetcode;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

public class Application  {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);

The Application is the entry point which sets up Spring Boot application.

$ ./gradlew bootRun

We run the application and navigate to localhost:8080.

... io.undertow                              : starting server: Undertow - 2.3.7.Final
... org.xnio                                 : XNIO version 3.8.8.Final
... org.xnio.nio                             : XNIO NIO Implementation Version 3.8.8.Final
... org.jboss.threads                        : JBoss Threads version 3.5.0.Final
... o.s.b.w.e.undertow.UndertowWebServer     : Undertow started on port(s) 8080 (http)

In the console we can see the Undertow server starting.

In this article we have shown how use Undertow server in a Spring Boot application.


My name is Jan Bodnar and I am a passionate programmer with many years of programming experience. I have been writing programming articles since 2007. So far, I have written over 1400 articles and 8 e-books. I have over eight years of experience in teaching programming.

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